Gap between Rich and Poor

Published: 2021-07-16 17:25:05
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Category: Sociology

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Many people think of the Americans ideal life is vigorous decent but they got it wrong, in facts income inequality is on the top of the list despite its developing country. In reality, there are roughly about 40 million people in America experiences that is 10 to 15 percents of the U.S. populations. In the constitution states “that as Americans entitled to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness” (Jefferson, et al), but yet I don’t see everyone have that benefits besides the obvious wealthy class. This lead to widening the gap between the rich and the poor, while the rich continue to gain wealth and on the other hand, the poor have to endure under poverty. The gap between the rich and poor is a significant problem that Americans have to tolerate, there are various reasons of causes for instances, racial discriminations, background prejudice, and government policy. A certain group of immigrants is the targets to most likely to suffer from poverty in the United States.Many reasons could be a result for immigrants to endure poverty and can even be extreme poverty. Professor of sociology, Amie Bostic, who earned her Ph.D. in sociology from Duke University notes “ Some immigrants group are at a considerably greater risk of poverty than other. This is a result of a split in the immigrant population in the United States between those with high skills and those with low skills” (738). It stakes that other groups besides immigrants are less likely to tolerate destitution. From another support claim by an in-progress Ph.D. professional in sociology from Duke University responds “ because immigrant’s education and experience are often devalued in the United States, many immigrants families turn to entrepreneurship or work multiple jobs to increase their income” ( 519). This connects the claim that immigrants face more penury than any other group because due to their low-skill and backgrounds which place them into one of the categories of a group that most likely tolerate low-income financial struggle. Likewise situation between race’s privilege and disadvantage.For many years different ethnicity group of people excludes white people are most likely to experience a certain type of discrimination that led them into many disadvantages. An Associate Professor of Public Policy, Ann Chih Lin, who received her Ph.D. in political science from the University of Chicago confirms “ For example, geographic steering of black and Hispanic homebuyers remains common and 50% of black respondents in a recent Gallup Poll reported incidents of discrimination within the month prior to the survey. In a two-city audit study, employers were twice as likely to hire a white applicant as an equally qualified black applicant for an entry-level position” (Lin). The speaker is asserting that there are racial injustice and unfairness simply due to individuals race that stood out to the norm. This is a direct strike towards minorities and different ethics groups indicate that their opportunity in the society are slim and more distinctly possible to suffer impoverishment. In the light of the racial inequity is not only a serious complication in the United States but also background prejudice is another cause of factors to make ends meet for certain people.I am confident that there is more constituent of widening the gap between rich and poor, in fact, discrimination on background and criminal history is a crucial unfairness for ex-convicts to get back to their normal lives in the society after incarceration. Lack of employment opportunity generates a collateral effect on individuals lives. In the course of life human being ultimately will make a blunder, and some may even imprison. A second chance should always provide to us, however, the reality is not optimistic to what we seek for. An associate at DLA Piper, Elizabeth Westrope, who earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science and Government from the University of Notre Dame implies a great example: In 2003, a twenty-one year old man lost control of his car after a night of drinking, killing his close friend.1 The man, “Jay,” was convicted of involuntary manslaughter and sentenced to thirty-eight months in state prison. Jay wrote to the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), detailing his struggles of re-entering society as a convicted felon. Jay described the hard work he had put forth to turn his life around since his release: he had been sober for more than eight years, was succeeding in college, and had shared his story in schools, treatment facilities, and correctional institutions so that others could learn from his mistakes. Yet he also told the DOJ that he had “nothing to show for it,” since he was repeatedly denied job opportunities because of his felony.Jay explained that he had participated in numerous interviews and sent out more than 200 resumes for positions that he was more than qualified to fill, but employers routinely denied his applications because of his criminal record. (369) A person committing a crime is an unpleasant deportment thereby punishment must take place. When the person had finished their sentence behind bar, they deserve to receive a second chance to reintegrate in the society because they served their time in prison already. Clearly in Westrope statement is not the optimistic case that we seek and hope for. In fact, one in three people in America have some sort of criminal records and those victims are more likely to endure many disadvantages than people without a record in the record ( Americans With Criminal Records). For those who are employed are only taking home 40 percents of the annual salary, thereby criminal records impact people for the rest of their lives. Genders is also a topic that we frequently bring up to dispute about the wage gap. It becomes an unfair common sense in the United States that women certainly earn less than men. As years go by, there definitely have improvement but on gender education wise. By the fact that recent decade women enrolled in college is about 57 percents. It’s exceeding more than men in the term of education wise. Although now women are in the upper hand of education but pay wage is still a long way to be balanced, even though both genders should be equally distributed in wage but the reality is not that positive. “ [which] refers to the difference in wages and salaries between men and women. On average, women make about 80 percent of what men do. There are also racial disparities — white women and Asian American women, on average, make more than Hispanic, African American, or Native American women”( Cummins ). This demonstrates that women undergo the wage gap which distinctly possible lead them to experience financial struggles. We can not put out of one’s mind that women eventually become mothers, their hardship in the family is a paramount job. Unfortunately that many married couples may end up a single parent. With this in mind, wage gap and single parenting for a woman to live through is the principle that they are more likely to go on poverty at some point. Furthermore to the concern of widening the gap between the rich and the poor, that government certainly plays a crucial part of the problem. Government’s obligation is to protect and serves the people but they are not doing so well in reality. The government conducted many actions to reform the lives of people who live in poverty, but nothing had really made a major impact on low-income family and people who are under poverty. As former speaker of the United States house of representatives Newt Gingrich, in his one article Rethinking Our Approach to Poverty proclaim “ Over the past thirty years, we have waged a five-trillion-dollar War on poverty. And yet, when we look at the murder rate in our inner cities; the cocaine, heroin, and crack addiction destroying countless young lives; the illiteracy rate…we can see clearly that the current approach to helping the poor has exacted a cost far greater than mere money”(Gingrich). This clearly illustrates that government actions are not effective nor impact for the better good. The funds from federal government usage must have been misused the support finance because it said “destroying countless young lives” (Gingrich), or otherwise, the community would not have suffered from these destructions.  

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